Publications

SAARC 

Study on Harmonizing Transmission Grid Codes of SAARC Member States to Combat Regulatory Challenges for Intra-region Power Trading/Interconnections

Despite relatively large electric power potential endowed comprising of huge hydropower potential (estimated installed capacity of 294,330 MW); thermal power potential (coal reserves of 108,961 million tons) ; gas power potential (95 Tcf of natural gas reserve) and a large renewable energy potential base, SAARC region is facing acute power shortages leading to frequent and long outages. This shows SAARC region is rich in potential but weak in cooperation and coordination of electricity trading among its Member States. In the past various studies were carried out on energy resources potential, opportunities and challenges of electricity trading but till now, there is no any significant study carried out on transmission and sub-station grid codes, grid codes' parity and grid harmonization of the SAARC member states.

Though all the SAARC Member States use same frequency of power generation and transmission, they don’t have uniform grid code of power transmission. Therefore, time has come now to think it deeply towards making the concept of SAARC regional grid technically viable. Till now, only Bhutan-India and Bangladesh-India have become successful in developing synchronous transmission interconnections whereas Nepal hasn't got any success in converting its radial feeders into synchronous links while importing power from India. This shows how much are the SAARC regional states lacking in planning and implementing synchronous transmission ties even bilaterally. But, while talking about the whole region, our appetite will never be fulfilled till we achieve multilateral synchronous power transmission interconnections. Therefore, to provide impetus towards making the concept of SAARC regional grid techno-economically feasible, a study about existing grid codes in all the SAARC member states and ways to make them compatible for synchronous grid interconnections without disturbing dynamic stability of the overall power system of SAARC region is essentially required.

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Implementation of SEC Impact Study Report with respect to SEC Strategic Plan 2016-20, Content Management System, Internal Procedures and Tools.

This is an in house activity to implement the recommendations made in the report of Impact Study which was conducted in FY 2015 by an independent team of experts. An activity matrix and prioritized Action list were developed for implementation purpose. SEC has started implementation of the recommendations. For certain actionable items, in house brain storming and ownership sessions have been organized (e.g. finalizing SEC Strategic Plan 2017-21, Vision, Mission, Enhancement of thematic areas etc.). The implementation is completed by October 2016. Mr. Ihsanullah Marwat, Research Fellow (Energy Efficiency) delivered a detailed presentation about the recommendations made to the Governing Board.


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Study for Development of a Potential Regional Hydropower Plant in South Asia

Shortage of power is a common characteristic of the energy sector in each SAARC Member state. This situation could, however, be overcome with our coordinated efforts in the platform of SAARC with judicious use of our various sources of energy. One of the biggest opportunities within this problem is the existence of temporal and spatial variability of power demand across the SAARC Region. This opens up an opportunity for a regional grid for optimal utilization of infrastructures and power plants. The report and its outcomes were enthusiastically discussed in the dissemination workshop and the study was highly appreciated and accepted by the participating stakeholders.

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Report: Feasibility Study for Setting up SAARC Regional/Sub-regional LNG Terminals.

SEC has organised a 2-day video conference to disseminate study report of Feasibility Study for Setting up SAARC Regional/Sub-regional LNG Terminals among the SAARC Member States in August 2016 in Islamabad. The desktop study was conducted by SAARC Energy Centre (SEC) in the year of 2015 under a contract to look at the current status of natural gas and LNG industries in the SAARC member countries, with a view to identify potential areas of mutual cooperation including setting up regional / sub-regional LNG import terminals. While the material has been reviewed by outside experts, the views and opinion expressed in the study report. The report is meant to facilitate discussion and identify specific cooperation areas for promotion of regional energy cooperation especially in the new and fast growing area of LNG imports.

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Report: Comparative Study for the Prevailing Tariff of Renewable Energy Projects in Member States and Assessing Options such as Net-metering, Banking and Wheeling

The study reviewed the existing tariff structure of Renewable Energy with specific emphasis on distributed generation projects in SAARC Member States and gave guidelines for the equipment selection, required import facilities, technology development, installation and commissioning of equipment for options such as Net-metering, Banking and Wheeling. It also suggested operating guidelines to distribution companies for licensing, certifying and permission of Net-metering, Banking and Wheeling equipment before integrating into the national grids of respective SAARC Member States.

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Study on Energy Efficiency in Road Transport Sector in the SAARC Member States

The study provides useful guidelines and actions required to be taken by the member states to relax its import dependence for petroleum fuels through adoption of efficient technologies and other non-engine related strategies in the road transport sector.
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Study to Assess Renewable Energy Development in South Asia; Achievements and the Way Forward in the Perspective of Policies and Investment Opportunities

The Study has analyzed the Renewable Energy policies and programmes being carried out by the SAARC Member States, identified barriers and suggested measures for the promotion and development of Renewable Energy technologies and projects in the SAARC Region. It has also identified fiscal, non-fiscal measures and other incentives existing in the Member States, including their impact, and made appropriate recommendations. Moreover, the study has also suggested way-forward for acquiring part funding for Renewable Energy projects through available Regional and International Climate Change funding mechanisms.
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Report of Promotion of SAARC Chullahs (Improved Cooking Stoves-ICS) for their Commercialization / Marketing / Scaling up in India & Maldives)

To Download Report of “Promotion of SAARC Chullahs (Improved Cooking Stoves-ICS) for their Commercialization / Marketing / Scaling up in India & Maldives”,

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Report of Promotion of SAARC Chullahs (Improved Cooking Stoves-ICS) for their Commercialization / Marketing / Scaling up in the SAARC Member States

To Download Report of “Promotion of SAARC Chullahs (Improved Cooking Stoves-ICS) for their Commercialization / Marketing / Scaling up in the SAARC Member States”,

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Study Report on Assessment of Energy Efficiency Potential through Energy Audit on Power Transmission and Distribution Grid Stations

To download SAARC Study Report on Assessment of Energy Efficiency Potential through Energy Audition of Power Transmission and Distribution Grid Stations in Pakistan;

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Draft Study Report on Management and Monitoring Framework for Regulatory Compliance by Power Transmission Utilities in the SAARC Region

Draft report is available for comments and suggestions by the concerned professionals.The report will be ultimately reviewed and finalized in view of the recommendations to be made during the SAARC Dissemination Workshop – an approved program activity for the FY 2015. To download the draft study report,

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SAARC Action Plan on Energy Conservation

To download SAARC Action Plan on Energy Conservation

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Review of Electricity Laws and Regulations of SAARC Member States

To download Review of Electricity Laws and Regulations of SAARC Member States

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Study on Cogeneration Opportunities in Sugar and Paper Industries in SAARC Member States (2013)

The study provided country-wise findings and discussed technical aspects, current cogeneration situation, potential, government initiatives and legal framework, economic drivers, environmental benefits and barriers in implementing of cogeneration in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The study has recommended (a) development of regulatory framework (b) participation of state energy suppliers (c) concessional financing windows for cogeneration projects (d) institutional structure (establishment of National Committees or Focal Points) and (e) cogeneration facilitator. A Stage-wise cogeneration implementation strategy is proposed by the study i-e Preliminary Study, Awareness Creation and Project Identification, Comprehensive Study of Specific Cogeneration Project and Implementation of Cogeneration Projects.

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Prefeasibility Study for Setting Up SAARC Regional/Sub Regional Coal Power Plant (2013)

The Study examined the scope and viability of coal-fired power plant(s) at sub-regional or regional level so as to enable initial clearance and approval of competent authorities and undertaking of detailed technical/feasibility studies in this respect. Three options have been put forward and explore by this study to have regional / sub-regional coal fired power plants. Among the three proposed options, while it is inferred that the same model can be applied for other options, the study recommended an option to have coal mine in Pakistan (at 'Thar' to be developed and financed by Pakistan) and the coal be transported to the power plant (to be developed and financed by India) located in the adjacent border region of India. SEC envisages enthusiastic and strong regional cooperation through this conceptual study and invites Member States as well as entrepreneurs to further explore and advance the concept into some great regional business ventures.

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Pricing Mechanisms for Oil and Gas in SAARC Member States (2012)

The Study shared experiences of Member States on prevailing Pricing Mechanisms for Oil and Natural Gas. Overall policy perspective on pricing, role of Oil and Natural Gas in the energy system of each Member State, evolution of pricing mechanisms and Institutional & Regulatory set up have also analyzed. This will help the Member States to formulate policies in their respective countries for the promotion of Energy Trade in SAARC Region.

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Evaluating Energy Conservation Potential of Brick in Selected SAARC Member States (2012).

The study identified the current situation of the brick industry in the four SAARC Member States namely Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan which leads towards cooperation based on transferring technologies, sharing expertise and knowledge between the public and private institutions in order to improve the brick production capacity and bring energy efficiency into the process for regional and global environmental concerns.

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Download India Country Report
Download Nepal Country Report
Download Pakistan Country Report

Improved Cooking Stoves in South Asia (2012)

Improved Cooking Stoves in South Asia.

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Regional Hydropower Plants Legal Opportunities in Bhutan and Nepal (2011)

The Review study provided information to the policy makers of SAARC Member States for taking action in the implementation process of SAARC Energy Ring through SAARC Power Grid. This will in turn create opportunities for optimum utilization of untapped Regional Hydro Resources.

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A Case Study on Indian Wind Power Programme for Technology Transfer and Sharing Best Practices (2011)

A Case Study on Indian Wind Power Programme for Technology Transfer and Sharing Best Practices.

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Developing Integrated Energy Policies in South Asia (2010)

Developing Integrated Energy Policies in South Asia.

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Gas Hydrates Resource Potential of South Asia (2010)

Gas Hydrates Resource Potential of South Asia.

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SAARC Energy Centre ESCAP Project “Strengthening Institutional Capacity to Support Energy Efficiency in Selected Asian Countries” (2010)

SAARC Energy Centre ESCAP Project “Strengthening Institutional Capacity to Support Energy Efficiency in Selected Asian Countries”.

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Gas Hydrates Resource Potential of South Asia (2010)

The position paper explored and evaluated an alternate and non conventional energy resources for meeting increasing energy demands of South Asia. It also assessed the resource potential of gas hydrates and facilitated and promoted regional R&D activities on gas hydrates.

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Study on Critical Success Factors for Renewable Energy Projects in South Asia (2008)

The outcome of this effort was a report highlighting the issues, concerns, lessons learnt and recommendations for successful implementation and continued operation of renewable energy projects for different end-uses (grid-connected, stand-alone, heat) in SAARC Member States. The report laid down focus on technological aspects, financing, policy support initiatives etc required to make the renewable energy projects a success.

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Proceedings of SAARC Training Workshop on Biofuels (2008)

The Workshop strengthen cooperation and Support of SAARC Member States on all aspects of Bio-ethanol and Bio-Diesel. The Workshop enriched the Participants through the discussion and by sharing the practical experience and knowledge on bio-fuels.

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