Comparative Study for the Prevailing Tariff of Renewable Energy in Member States and, Assessing and Recommending Options such as Net-metering, Banking and Wheeling

Distributed generation, especially from household and commercial scale roof top solar PV systems, can reduce power system inefficiencies by avoiding grid losses. The technical challenges associated with distributed generation, such as net-metering equipment and voltage fluctuations, can be addressed using well-established technologies, operating standards, and regulatory best practices. The introduction of Distributed Generation options such as Netmetering, Banking and Wheeling would open doors for private sector investment in the RE sector. The flooding of new equipment and technologies to the market must follow quality performance standards and labelling. Also, the licensing, certifying and permission into the electrical grid becomes a complex technical challenge to the distribution utilities.

As the role and share of distributed and grid-connected renewable energy sources increase globally and in South Asia, several best practices are emerging so are some challenges. SAARC Member States, blessed with immense renewable energy sources, have the opportunity to use distributed generation systems for increasing energy security and moving towards a lowcarbon energy system.

In this context, SEC has conducted a study – ‘Comparative Study for the Prevailing Tariff of Renewable Energy Projects in Member States and Assessing Options such as Net-metering, Banking and Wheeling’ which will assess the situation in SAARC countries and propose an action plan.

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Feasibility Study for Setting Up SAARC Regional / Sub-regional LNG Terminals

This desktop study conducted by the SAARC Energy Centre (SEC) under a contract to look at the current status of natural gas and LNG industries in the SAARC member countries, with a view to identify potential areas of mutual cooperation including setting up regional / sub-regional LNG import terminals. While the material has been be reviewed by outside experts before release, the views and opinion expressed in the report are those of the original author and do not necessarily represent the position or views of the SAARC Energy Centre. The report is meant to facilitate discussion and identify specific cooperation areas for promotion of regional energy cooperation especially in the new and fast growing area of LNG imports.

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Impact Assessment of SEC’s Initiatives and the Way Forward

SAARC Energy Centre, Islamabad, and ten other regional centres were established under the objective to promote the welfare of the people of South Asia, strengthen collective self reliance, and promote active collaboration and mutual assistance in the economic, social, cultural, technical and scientific field.

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SAARC Energy Data Book (2005-2015)

Basic energy data of SAARC Member States have been taken mainly from The “Energy Statistics Database” of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. The definitions and conversion factors used here conform to those used in the UN publications and have also been included in this issue, for ready reference.

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Study to Assess Renewable Energy Development in South Asia; Achievements and the Way Forward in the Perspective of Policies and Investment Opportunities

All Member States in SAARC region have huge and abundant resources of renewable energy which have not been harnessed to their actual potential. However, a few Member States have adopted various policies and implemented national programmes/projects of renewable energy in their respective countries. In this report, a number of potential barriers in deployment of Renewable energy Technologies in Member States have been mentioned, and measures for removal of these have been discussed. In South Asia, the deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies on a large scale shall provide increased energy security, less import of fossil fuel and usage of environmental friendly technologies.

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Study on Harmonizing Transmission Grid Codes of SAARC Member States to Combat Regulatory Challenges for Intra-region Power Trading/Interconnections

SAARC Energy Centre (SEC) undertook the short term, in-house Study ‘Harmonizing Transmission Grid Codes of SAARC Member States to Combat Regulatory Challenges for Intra-region Power Trading / Interconnections’ through its Action Program FY 2015. The Study is an in-house effort by Mr. Salis Usman, Research Fellow (Energy Efficiency) and was peerreviewed by Mr. Atta ur Rehman, Director General, Central Power Purchasing Agency, Pakistan. Overall purpose of the Study is to highlight importance of the harmonizing process since it would urge the Member States to adequately prepare for meeting the diversified regulatory challenges corresponding to establishing and operating the regional power interconnections. The Study report is expected to serve as a good starting point for development of the Regional Interconnection Grid Code which is obviously a tough task but not beyond the abilities of the professionals of the SAARC Region.

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Study on Optimum Power Generation Mix for a Sustainable Power Sector in South Asia

In order to highlight the importance of an optimized power generation mix in South Asia, SAARC Energy Centre (SEC) initiated this short term, Study ―Optimum Power Generation Mix for Sustainable Power Sector in South Asia‖ through its Action Program FY 2015. The study outcome is expected to ensure efficient usage of the available generation capacity and to increase overall efficiency of power system of SAARC Member States. The purpose of this study is to provide a reference document on optimal generation mix with respect to each SAARC Member State and to facilitate power sector engineers and planners on optimal dispatch scenarios, based on the latest data pertaining to generation and demand. The Study focuses on the current challenges to the power system with respect to controlling and scheduling the available generating plants for improving the system security and reliability while considering the economic dispatch.

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Study on Energy Efficiency in Transport Sector in SAARC Member States

Improving energy efficiency and avoiding and reducing transport needs can bring about a significant reduction in the demand for petroleum products and the associated environmental impacts. Reduction in traffic congestion, reduction in noise pollution and reduction in accidents are some indirect benefits associated with these strategies. Realizing this, SEC has undertaken an in-house study to estimate the potential of energy saving in the road transport sector in each member state of SAARC with an objective to draw policy recommendations to reduce energy demand in the sector.The study provides useful guidelines and actions required to be taken by the member states to relax its import dependence for petroleum fuels through adoption of efficient technologies and other non-engine related strategies in the road transport sector.

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