"Handbook for Setting up National Power Exchanges in SAARC".

This handbook captures the characteristics of a power exchange including the role of power exchange in a country’s power market, advantages of having a power exchange, primary data of each SAARC Member State (SMS), the status of each SMS in terms of readiness in legal, policy, regulatory & technical requirements for each country and the way forward for each SMS for setting up a National Power Exchange (NPEX). The report also covers learnings from India’s journey towards the development of power exchanges. The handbook shall be a useful guide to the policymakers in planning for the development and operationalization of power exchanges. This handbook is intended to set out the appropriate design for an NPEX and to enable each SMS to plan for the short term, medium-term, long-term, and assist in setting up such a power exchange. This will facilitate and foster cross border trade and enable the region to make efficient use of its energy resources, leading to an overall reduction in unserved electricity. The handbook covers the elements required for setting up of power exchange in terms of prerequisites and step by step guide to setup NPEX in SMS.

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Draft Study on "Minigrids and Access to Electricity in SAARC".

The overarching objective of the assignment is to facilitate enhanced deployment of minigrid systems in each of the SAARC Member States. The study will assess the efficacy of a Decentralised, Renewable Energy (DRE) based minigrid or RE combined with conventional energy generation sources to address local social and economic goals, and contribute to realisation of the SDGs. The study will provide stakeholders in the minigrid sector with the most up-to date information and analysis of the market status, challenges and trends in the sector and propose recommendations to overcome the barriers. The study will thus enable policymakers and practitioners in the SMS to be more informed on how to regulate, structure and manage a DRE based minigrid project for providing electricity access to unserved and under-served communities.

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Study on "Power Pricing for Cross-Border-Electricity-Trade in South Asia''.

The objective of the study is to develop and establish a uniform, transparent power procurement and pricing mechanism for CBET in South Asia consistent with the dynamics of the domestic power sector as well as with regional requirements to promote grid connectivity, investment, and trade of electricity in the South Asian region. As such, the study mapped existing power pricing mechanisms, acts/policies relevant to power pricing/ tariff framework, challenges/barriers, international experience/learning on power procurement & pricing framework. Based on the detailed mapping and analysis, the study suggests uniform, transparent power procurement and pricing mechanism along-with implementation strategy/plan for the region.

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Study on "Efficiency Enhancement and Solarization of Streetlights in SAARC Region".

The objective of the study is to carry out the detailed cost benefit analysis of replacing existing street lighting system with efficient LED systems/solarization. The techno-financial analysis of various technology options are made available in this study report with case studies from selected cities in each Member State to enable the Member States take informed decisions.

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Study on "Renewable Energy for Food Storage in SAARC Countries".

Storage is becoming a significant component of the food industry. One of the main functions of food storage, apart from preservation, is to decrease the variability of food supply during times of uncertainty caused by natural and manmade calamities. The challenge is that all the SAARC Member States are facing a range of issues pertaining to food storage at the farm-level and central level which affect food security. Inadequate storage techniques can lead to food wastage and this has a cascading effect on the income of farmers and the cost of purchase for consumers. Growth and technological advancement in this sector can prompt income security, reduce hunger, eradicate poverty and promote sustainable growth in each country. One of the ways through which growth can be encouraged is by utilizing renewable energy solutions to address certain food storage problems.

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Study on "Economics of Transition to Euro 6 fuel"

The study evaluates the current scenario of pollution and emission levels in SAARC Member countries, and the current emission standards and further evaluates the economic viability of moving to Euro 6 fuel standards for both petrol and diesel, in each SAARC Member State. It takes into consideration, all related factors such as costs/resources for refinery upgradation, impacts on end consumer and vehicle stock, fuel import strategies, and environmental/climate benefits etc.

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